what is matter

Matter is anything that take up space. For example planets, animals, rocks, dirt, plants, tennis balls, silver and gold all have matter.

  • Properties of matter are physical and chemical properties. Some examples of physical properties are stuff like color, size, texture, if it is magnetic, shape, if it has electricity, and if it has luster. Chemical properties could be like if its rusted or if it can burn and is it flammable.
  • How to measure matter by length. It is measured in ways like meter, foot, ruler measuring stick, cm , metric units, length, and height.
  • How to measure matter by its mass and weight is by finding how much matter is in an object ( mass ) and how gravity acts on the mass ( weight ).
  • How to measure matter by volume is by telling the amount of space something is taking up.
  • how to measure the density in matter is by telling the amount of mass in each cubic centimeter.

Deformation of the crust

  •    the state of balance between the thickness of the crust and the depth at which it rides on the asthenosphere is called isostacy
  • the increasing weight of mountains causes the crust to sink
  • the force that changes the shape and volume of rocks is stress
  • the type of stress that squeezes rock together is compression
  • the type of stress that pulls rocks apart, making them thinner, is tension
  • shearing means bends, twists, or breaks rocks.
  • high pressure and high temperature will cause rocks to deform
  • upcurved folds in rock are called anticlines
  • downcurved folds in rock are called synclines
  • folds in which both limbs remain horizontal are called monoclines
  • when no movement occurs along the sides of a break in a rock, the break is called a fracture
  • when a fault is not vertical, the rock above the fault plane makes up the footwall
  • a nearly vertical fault in which the rock on either side of the fault p;ane moves
  • the largest mountain systems are part of still larger systems called ranges
  • mount st. helens in washington state is an example of a volcanic mountain